ORIGIN OF THE GOLDEN RETRIEVER
The relentless quest by the British gentry during the 19th century for the perfect hunting dog led to the development of most of today’s retrievers and hunting dogs. On his Scottish estate, Guisachan, Sir Dudley Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth, aspired to create a breed of dog to retrieve waterfowl that was more powerful than previous retrievers whilst retaining their gentle, easily trained nature.
The Russian Myth
The First Golden Retrievers
During the period from the first recorded mating in 1868 to the last in 1889 some of the puppies bred were kept and others were given to keepers on neighbouring estates or given to friends and relatives in England and Scotland. No records of the dogs bred at Guisachan were kept after the death of the first Lord Tweedmouth and this left a gap in the knowledge of the breed between 1890 and 1901, when the first pedigrees were recorded. However through the research of Elma Stonex (former Chairman of the Golden Retriever Club UK), positive links have been established with the ancestors of present day Golden Retrievers and the dogs Lord Tweedmouth thoughtfully bred at Guisachan between 1868 and 1889. The roots of the breed lie in Scotland and the border country.
The Golden Retriever Club (UK) was formed in 1911 and the club and the breed were recognised by the UK Kennel Club in 1913 when given the separate register – Retrievers (Golden or Yellow). The first champion in 1921 was Ch Noranby Campfire bred by Mrs Charlesworth, sired by Lord Harcourt’s dog Culham Copper ex Noranby Beauty. The first Dual Champion made up both his titles in 1922 and was Dual Ch Balcombe Boy, bred by Lord Harcourt from Culham Tip and Culham Amber II.
Australian Golden Retrievers
|From left Dual Ch Balcombe Boy, Noranby Crash and Ch Noranby Campfire||Ch Noranby Campfire|
|Keepers and Dogs at Guisachan. Nous is on the left||Keeper with Nous|
|Guisachan in Scotland||The Golden Retriever family reunion, Guisachan in Scotland, in July 2006|
Pedigree of Prim and Rose 1889